When your physician or dietitian talks about nutrition and a healthy diet, they more often talk about carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. In addition, vitamins, minerals, and water are also essential for senior nutrition. These healthy diet factors can easily be implemented on your care plan with the help of home health aides. To gain a better understanding, here are some of the common terms you should be familiar with:
- Whole Grains
Grains are an essential source of carbs. Anatomically, the outer layer around a grain that is named the bran comprises most of the vitamins, minerals, and fiber. These properties make grains good for the heart and digestive system.
When these grains are ground down into flour, a large part of its nutrients is lost; the reason why nutrition experts always advice to eat whole grain foods rather than the processed ones.
- Glycemic Index
This ranks carbohydrate foods by how much they increase your blood sugar levels. High glycemic foods can be digested quickly while also raising your blood sugar instantly. In contrast, low glycemic foods are greater for your heart, weight control, and may prevent type 2 diabetes.
- Healthy Fats
Although the suggested diet should never contain above the maximum daily requirement of fats, you still need fats for energy and to help absorb many vitamins.
The terms monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats mean healthy fats. The terms saturated fats and trans fats are the ones referring to unhealthy fats.
- Healthy Proteins
Generally, the sources of proteins are animal products, nuts, and beans. Additionally, protein is macronutrients responsible for building muscles and bones. While red meat contains plenty of protein, it also consists of plenty of saturated fat.
As a provider of health care services in Reynoldsburg, Ohio, we recommend you to be aware of what you eat to maintain your optimum health.