A chronic/long-term disease, Rheumatoid Arthritis is defined as the inflammation of the joints. Depending on its severity, the inflammation of may influence the form and functionality of the joints and, in most cases, different sections of the body. Moreover, lumps/rheumatoid nodules can occur anywhere in the body. Individuals who are diagnosed with Rheumatoid Arthritis often range from 30 to 50 years old.
Whilst the cause of RA is not yet fully understood, researchers believe certain factors, such as genetic predisposition, contribute to the illness’ development. Additionally, specialists have classified this disease as an autoimmune disease; meaning the immune system strikes and targets the body’s own healthy cells/tissues. Thus, it may also affect the skeletal, respiratory, and cardiovascular systems.
- Decreased movement
- Bumps over small joints
- Difficulty in performing daily living activities
- Low-grade fever
While also affecting the hands, wrists, feet, ankles, knees, shoulder, and elbows.
Diagnosis is via:
- Joint aspiration
- Nodule biopsy
- Blood testing
- Ultrasound or MRI
After a definite diagnosis, the treatment will usually be according to:
- Patient’s age
- Patient’s overall health and medical history
- Condition’s severance
- Patient’s medicine tolerance
- Patient’s preference and need for a home health aide
Generally, professionals use medicines, splints, and physical therapy in Ohio to limit pain and inflammation. Surgery, like joint repair, fusion, replacement, and surgical cleaning, may be necessary.